Essay questions review for midterm

Essay questions review for midterm - Were the...

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Were the Reconstruction Amendments to the U.S. Constitution effective enough to justify calling the Civil War the “Second American Revolution?” 3 reconstruction era amendments 13 th amendment—officially abolished slavery, and continues to prohibit slavery and involuntary servitude, except for as punishment 14 th amendment- redefined citizenship, because you are a citizen, they cannot treat you badly—blacks became citizens of the USA in turn this gave them protection the Privileges or Immunities Clause , Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses. 15 th amendment—voting rights to all men The reconstruction amendments to the us constitution were effective enough to justify calling the civil war the second American revolution because they caused social, political and economical changes --Support that it was a “second American revolution” Because, Social – (13 th amendment) Freed black from whites (abolished slavery)--Established them as citizens—gave them voting there was no more live in servants, idea of patriarchal roles of women enforced, new idea of America families Politically- (14 th amendment)blacks held office, restructured parties, right to be on jury, bi-racial government bodies—overturned dred scott place, anyone who is a citizen can hold office Economically- became more based on industry and agriculture, skilled blacks began to rise because they wanted to prove blacks wrong (racial uplift—educated, got better jobs, more financially able) (cheap labor more efficient than free labor) (talented 10 th ) The first American revolution gave the US citizens freedom from the British and the “second American revolution gave the blacks freedom from the whites Both Madison and Tocqueville worry about majority tyranny, but they do so at different times and in different ways. According to each, what is the danger of majority tyranny, through what mechanisms either in the state or in society does it work, and what in the makeup of the United States contribute to avoiding the danger of majority tyranny? Madison - afraid of majority tyranny- because people in the majority could gain too much power More in a legislative body (a federalist, he was for a stronger gov) 3/5 th clause He thought it would naturally happen because there were too few people that would agree, they would have similar opinions therefore all be the majority “cannot remove the causes of a faction—focus on removing its effects” Majority is dangerous because they are not thinking of everyone, they have self interest and are only thinking of themselves The cure is to have a bigger republic—with delegation of powers to the few (elected by the many and extending the sphere) (September 8, slides 9-12) Pure democracy—directly run by the people Republic-we have representatives (we elect people to make our decisions) Main diff in ways of solving it—Madison thought you had to take away its source by extending its spheres, Tocqueville thought you should end it with civil associations
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This note was uploaded on 11/17/2011 for the course MC 201/202 taught by Professor Na during the Fall '10 term at Michigan State University.

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Essay questions review for midterm - Were the...

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