James M NOTES - James M. McPherson Notes I. The Second...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
I. The Second American Revolution a. James a Garfield, a representative of ohio between 1860-61, spoke out about the slaves rebelling and sparking another civil war. b. Garfield joined the Union army and became a major General(war for him was the second American Revolution) c. Became a congressman in 1863 and was a radical republican, in 84 calling out for confiscation of the land of confederate planters and redistributing it among freed slaves and white unionists. d. He later receed such harsh words against the Tories(southern planters) but insisted on the enfranchisement of freed slaves as voters, a measure that many contemporaries viewd as revolutionary, and quoted the declaration of independence on the equality of all men. e. 1866 congress passed fourteenth amendment to constitution as compromise that granted blacks equal civil rights but not equal voting rights. (south refused Garfield once again called for drastic measures against them) f. Garfield wasn’t the only revolutionary abolitionist saying these things, Wendell Phillips was articulate spokesmen insisting that the civil war “is primarily a social revolution…”Thaddeus Stevens, “we must treat this war as a radical revolution…” g. European Radicals also viewed it as revolution, karl marx described it as a revolutionary movement against the slave oligarchy. h. Jacobins of second American revolution name given to radical republicans. Newspapers went crazy with the politics i. Charles A Beard important historian viewed slavery and emancipation incidental to real causes/consequences of war. conflict arose from contending economic interests of plantation agriculture and industrializing capitalism. Beard was influenced by reading marx but he had pushed issue of slavery to the backseat. j. Barrington Moore portrayed civil war as “the last Capitalist Revolution”. War was a struggle between two conflicting capitalist systems—one reactionary based on slave labor and afraid of change, the other progressive, competitive, innovative, and democratic. (not agree about importance of economic systems) provided obstacle to the establishment of industrial capitalist democracy. Violent breakthrough against old social structure. k. In 1960s and 1970s, several historians questioned the idea that the Civil War accomplished any sort of genuine revolution/some denied it produced signifivant change in south or status of blacks. l. Challenge to beards thesis-argued that basic developments of industrial revolution came a generation before the civil war, and war slowed industrialization instead of promoting it. m. This truth actually supports beard and moore, because the contrasting economies of north and south generated conflicting proslavery and antislavery ideologies that led to war. n.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 11/17/2011 for the course MC 201/202 taught by Professor Na during the Fall '10 term at Michigan State University.

Page1 / 5

James M NOTES - James M. McPherson Notes I. The Second...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online