Lecture+24+-+Intellectual+Property

Lecture+24+-+Intellectual+Property - CS170Lecture24...

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CS 170 Lecture 24 Intellectual Property Kristian Stout [email protected] Office IN: Livingston Student Center, A lounge near  “the rock” and the commuter lounge. Office Hours: TTH 5:30 – 6:30
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Did you know … … when you buy a piece of software you don’t  actually “own” it?  you are actually leasing the software. … when you sing “Happy Birthday” you  technically owe somebody some money ? royalties!
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What is Intellectual Property ? Intellectual property  is any human creation like  photograph, music, textbooks, cartoons, etc. Books, songs, movies Paintings, drawings Inventions, chemical formulas, computer programs IP is NOT the physical object eg the CD a games comes on is not IP … but the  GAME itself is. Ideas, processes – the insubstantial that is of value
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An Interlude: Property Rights U.S. system of common law has an idea called “property  rights” Extending from the Right to one’s Life, People have a right… to property in their own person to their own labor to things which they remove from Nature through their labor As long as… no person claims more property than he or she can use after someone removes something from common state, there is  plenty left over 
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Property Rights (cont) By encouraging private property ownership,  development and maintenance is encouraged Commerce is fostered and by extension, civil  infrastructure development
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Why we care about IP Idea behind allowing “property rights” for intangible  things: Fostering Innovation Intellectual Property industries account for 5% of the  US GDP Dept Of Labor estimates that advances in knowledge  accounted for 37% of GDP growth from 1948 to 1997 studies vary from 37% to over 50% Copyright industries account for 5% of total GDP
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Why we care in IT We want newer and better software.  giving rewards to people who work hard is a good  way to get that We want interoperable software When code is tightly controlled it is much easier to  make system interact. As personal content creators, legal problems can  be just around the corner
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History limited scope to what is “seen and read visually” Early 20 th  c: Did not cover sheet music copyrights  when player pianos came out 1970’s: Did not cover pure copies of Chess ROM case
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Lecture+24+-+Intellectual+Property - CS170Lecture24...

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