Lect+02+jan21 - Ch. 2 Single Event Learning: Habituation...

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Ch. 2 Single Event Learning: Habituation January 21, 2010
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Today’s Lecture Ch1 - Historical Antecedents Ch2 - Elicited behavior - Habituation
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But really-why study learning Provide you with the tools on how to win friends and influence people.
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How do we study learning? Learning as an experimental science Learning as an experimental science Because learning cannot be observed directly (I.e., it must Because learning cannot be observed directly (I.e., it must be inferred from performance and from observation of the be inferred from performance and from observation of the training experience received), it is essential that learning be training experience received), it is essential that learning be studied using experimental methods. studied using experimental methods. -The only way to know if learning has taken place is to compare -The only way to know if learning has taken place is to compare an individual or group ( an individual or group (experimental group experimental group ) who have had the ) who have had the specific training experience though to cause learning, with specific training experience though to cause learning, with another individual or group ( another individual or group (control group control group ) who has not had that ) who has not had that specific experience. specific experience. -Use of Animals in research on learning -Use of Animals in research on learning
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Descartes “HISTORICAL ANTECEDENTS” Dualism – humans have involuntary responses (reflexes controlled by the body) and involuntary(free will controlled by the mind) Simplification: Nativism – born with innate ideas.
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Descartes Nativism says that our most basic ideas are inborn, ideas like space, time, motion, causality, and substance. Video example
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British Empiricism Empiricism – acquire ideas through experience. Association – mental link or bond between two “ideas”. Locke Hume Berkeley
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Locke British philosopher John Locke ( 1632– 1704) believed that all the ideas people had were acquired directly or indirectly through experiences after birth. He believed that human beings were born without any preconceptions about the world. tabula rasa
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Locke According to Locke, the mind started out as a clean slate ( tabula rasa, in Latin), to be gradually filled with ideas and information as the person had various sense experiences.
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Empiricism says that all knowledge comes from experience. Beginning with Aristotle, empiricist philosophers have proposed theories to explain how experience gets translated into knowledge . The basic process proposed was association . An association is a connection between ideas. If two ideas
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Lect+02+jan21 - Ch. 2 Single Event Learning: Habituation...

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