acquisition+of+fears

acquisition+of+fears - are more likely to experience acute...

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Acquisition of Fears… Many assume that fear sand phobias are typically learned through a process called ‘classical conditioning’
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Classical Conditioning… Neutral cue (‘conditioned stimulus’) paired with feared cue (‘unconditioned stimulus’) over multiple trials,
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Classical Conditioning… Eventually the neutral cue elicits a fear reaction comparable to that elicited by the feared cue,
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Classical Conditioning… In the lab, this is most often conducted with rats and an auditory tone paired with a mild foot shock.
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Classical Conditioning… Can occur incidentally in the natural environment, or can be used as a laboratory technique to study fear. *
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Classical Conditioning… Early laboratory example was John Watson’s studies of Little Albert.*
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Other Theories… Vicarious Learning - child learns from a parent; we learn from models to fear certain stimuli
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Other Theories… Informational Transmission - we learn from nonhuman sources to fear certain stimuli*
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Other Theories… Increased Baseline Anxiety - During stressful times, we
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Unformatted text preview: are more likely to experience acute fears Fear Acquisition Seligman asked - Are all cues equally likely to become learned fear cues (conditioned stimuli)?* Fear Acquisition Seligman speculated that certain cues might have been feared by our ancestors, this info would be passed on through evolution.* Fear Acquisition Mineka tested the equipotentiality hypothesis in monkeys using snakes and flowers as stimuli.* Monkey views another monkey acting very scared of snakes, but not of flowers. Result: Fear of Snakes, no fear of flowers. Monkey views another monkey acting very scared of flowers but not of snakes. Result: No fear of flowers or snakes. Mineka found that BOTH a biological predisposition and a learning experience were necessary for lab reared monkeys to acquire a phobia. So we must have BOTH components, biological and learned. This means that we are NOT born with severe fears; rather, we need to have some sort of learning experience in order to acquire a phobia....
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acquisition+of+fears - are more likely to experience acute...

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