ch5anxietydis - Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative...

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Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach, 4th Edition, David H. Barlow Chapter 5: Anxiety Disorders Chapter 5 Anxiety Disorders
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Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach, 4th Edition, David H. Barlow Chapter 5: Anxiety Disorders Nature of Anxiety and Fear Anxiety Future-oriented mood state Characterized by marked negative affect Somatic symptoms of tension Apprehension about future danger or misfortune Fear Present-oriented mood state, marked negative affect Immediate fight or flight response to danger or threat Strong avoidance/escapist tendencies Abrupt activation of the sympathetic nervous system Anxiety and Fear are Normal Emotional States
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Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach, 4th Edition, David H. Barlow Chapter 5: Anxiety Disorders From Normal to Disordered Anxiety and Fear Characteristics of Anxiety Disorders Psychological disorders – Pervasive and persistent symptoms of anxiety and fear Involve excessive avoidance and escapist tendencies Causes clinically significant distress and impairment
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Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach, 4th Edition, David H. Barlow Chapter 5: Anxiety Disorders The Phenomenology of Panic Attacks What Is a Panic Attack? Abrupt experience of intense fear or discomfort Accompanied by several physical symptoms DSM-IV Subtypes of Panic Attacks Situationally bound (cued) panic Unexpected (uncued) panic Situationally predisposed panic
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Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach, 4th Edition, David H. Barlow Chapter 5: Anxiety Disorders The Phenomenology of Panic Attacks Attacks must build to a climax quickly (2 min) and the acute part of the attack must end within 10-15 minutes. A panic attack is different from strong anxiety. 4 of these symptoms must be present: hyperventilation, feelings of choking, sweating, heart racing, hot and cold flashes, nausea, trembling or shaking, faint feelings, feelings of unreality, prickling sensations, beliefs that one is going crazy or dying.
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Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach, 4th Edition, David H. Barlow Chapter 5: Anxiety Disorders Biological Contributions to Anxiety and Panic Diathesis-Stress Inherit vulnerabilities for anxiety and panic, not disorders Stress and life circumstances activate vulnerability Biological Causes and Inherent Vulnerabilities Anxiety and brain circuits – GABA, noradrenergic and serotonergic systems Corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) and the HPAC axis Limbic (amygdala) and the septal-hippocampal systems Behavioral inhibition (BIS) and fight/flight (FF) systems
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Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach, 4th Edition, David H. Barlow Chapter 5: Anxiety Disorders Psychological Contributions to Anxiety and Fear Began with Freud Anxiety is a psychic reaction to danger Anxiety involves reactivation of an infantile fear situation Behavioristic Views Anxiety and fear result from classical and operant
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ch5anxietydis - Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative...

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