ch12personality - Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative...

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Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach, 4th Edition, David H. Barlow Chapter 12: Personality Disorders Chapter 12 Personality Disorders
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Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach, 4th Edition, David H. Barlow Chapter 12: Personality Disorders Personality Disorders: An Overview The Nature of Personality and Personality Disorders Enduring and relatively stable predispositions (i.e., ways of relating and thinking) Predispositions are inflexible and maladaptive, causing distress and/or impairment Coded on Axis II of the DSM-IV and DSM-IV-TR Categorical vs. Dimensional Views of Personality Disorders
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Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach, 4th Edition, David H. Barlow Chapter 12: Personality Disorders Personality Disorders: Facts and Statistics Prevalence of Personality Disorders About 0.5% to 2.5% of the general population Rates are higher in inpatient and outpatient settings Origins and Course of Personality Disorders Thought to begin in childhood Run a chronic course Comorbidity rates are high Gender Distribution and Gender Bias Gender bias exists in diagnosis Criterion vs. assessment gender bias
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Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach, 4th Edition, David H. Barlow Chapter 12: Personality Disorders DSM-IV and DSM-IV-TR Personality Disorder Clusters Cluster A Odd or eccentric Examples include paranoid, schizoid Cluster B Dramatic, emotional, erratic Examples include antisocial, borderline Cluster C Fearful or anxious Examples include avoidant, obsessive-compulsive
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Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach, 4th Edition, David H. Barlow Chapter 12: Personality Disorders Cluster A: Paranoid Personality Disorder Overview and Clinical Features Pervasive and unjustified mistrust and suspicion The Causes Biological and psychological contributions are unclear Early learning that the world is a dangerous place Treatment Options Few seek professional help on their own Treatment focuses on development of trust Cognitive therapy to counter negativistic thinking Lack good outcome studies
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Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach, 4th Edition, David H. Barlow Chapter 12: Personality Disorders Larry David’s character in Curb Your Enthusiasm sort of fits this profile, because he ‘looks all gift horses in the mouth!’ He believes that others have evil alternative motives. Do not confuse with ‘functional paranoia” which is the tendency of members of minority or oppressed groups to feel slightly mistrustful of the dominant group based on past experiences. However if this is severe then PPD can be diagnosed.
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Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach, 4th Edition, David H. Barlow Chapter 12: Personality Disorders
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This note was uploaded on 11/17/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 830:340 taught by Professor Mohlman during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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ch12personality - Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative...

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