Chapter+04+The+Roman+Period+and+the+Middle+Ages

Chapter+04+The+Roman+Period+and+the+Middle+Ages -...

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In “On Memory and Reminiscence”, how does  Aristotle characterize memory and how is it  distinguished from recollection?  How does he explain  individual and developmental differences in memory?  In what ways are his explanations (in this essay)  similar to contemporary understanding of memory? 11/18/11 Roman Period and Middle  Ages 1
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A little more on Socrates, Plato and Aristotle In various dialogues, Plato reports the teachings of Socrates.   In Phaedo, an account of the day of the death of Socrates,  logical arguments are advanced for Afterlife of the soul, existence of the soul before birth, pre-birth knowledge that is  “remembered” rather than learned (which may reflect Plato more than Socrates) 11/18/11 Roman Period and Middle  Ages 2
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Plato’s writings do not distinguish between his ideas and those of Socrates 36 dialogues and 13 letters Theory of Forms: the perceived world is constantly  changing; entities exist in pure abstract form apart  from experience 11/18/11 Roman Period and Middle  Ages 3
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Aristotle’s hylomorphism incorporates form, but Forms are in nature, not an abstract other world of  ideas 11/18/11 Roman Period and Middle  Ages 4
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Chapter 4 - The Roman Period and the Middle Ages Medicine Stoicism Epicurianism Neoplatonism Skepticism 11/18/11 Roman Period and Middle  Ages 5
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Roman Medicine The Roman period was approximately the 7th century B.C. to  476 C.E. Galen was the most prominent Roman physician. Galen accepted the Greek theory of four bodily humors He argued that four qualities (cold, warm, dry, and moist) were involved in the  balance required for health. Mental disorders were also caused by imbalance in the four humors. He advocated an early form of psychotherapy to induce balance. Galen was a vitalist. He accepted three types of pneuma (natural spirit, vital spirit, and animal spirit). The Christian church assimilated Galen’s ideas as part of church dogma, but not  his emphasis on research. 11/18/11 6 Roman Period and Middle  Ages
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Roman Philosophy Roman Philosophy focused on the good life. Stoicism advocated the calm acceptance of one’s  fate and the removal of oneself from appetitive  pursuits. Stoicism was founded by Zeno of Cyprus. Stoicism was influenced by Epictetus. 11/18/11 7 Roman Period and Middle  Ages
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Roman Philosophy: Epicureanism Emphasized the powers of pleasure and pain over human  decisions and advocated a simple life in the middle  ground. Lucretius approached a number of psychological 
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