Chapter+11+Developments+around+and+after+the+founding

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Recap: The formal founding of psychology Psychophysics – relating the world to the mind  experimentally, quantitatively Thresholds, JNDs, psychophysical functions Weber Fechner Helmholtz Wundt The "Systems" of Psychology 1 11/18/11
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Systems: organized ways of envisioning the world or some aspect of the world Psychological systems include Definitions of the domain, major terms, and concepts. Assumptions about major issues. Prescriptions about acceptable methodologies. Specifications of the subject matter A system may be open or closed to new sources of information (beginning  with the Enlightenment, scientific systems were (more or less) open). Systems differ in views of time (psychoanalysis versus behaviorism). Systems may vary along a conservative-liberal continuum. 11/18/11 2 The "Systems" of Psychology
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Wundt’s system Investigated consciousness in humans Investigated physiology and function of the nervous  system Used multiple research methods 11/18/11 The "Systems" of Psychology 3
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Hegel and psychology Georg Wilhelm Freidrich Hegel (1770 – 1831) Mind manifests itself in a set of contradictions that are ultimately integrated “Things” and ideas have internal contradictions, which are ultimately recognized leading  to the destruction of the existing form and emergence of a more complex form that better  integrates the contradictions Change is a dynamic process.  Any feature of a dynamic system, called an affirmation or  thesis, contains within it an inherent contradiction, that through the functioning of the  system becomes differentiated into negation or antithesis.  The integration of the two  produces a system with different functional characteristics. Competing alternatives can be complementary supporting factors 11/18/11 The "Systems" of Psychology 4
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Hegel’s dialecticism would influence Freud and many other theorists 11/18/11 The "Systems" of Psychology 5
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William James (1842-1910) began teaching psychology at Harvard in 1875 Received MD in 1869; held positions as professor of  physiology, anatomy, philosophy, psychology Principles of Psychology 1890 The Varieties of Religious Experience 1902 James – Lange theory of emotions: we react to  environmental stimuli with patterns of physiological  arousal.  Sensing the arousal, we feel emotions 11/18/11 The "Systems" of Psychology 6
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