Chapter+13+Behaviorism-1

Chapter+13+Behaviorism-1 - Recap: Psychoanalytic theories...

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Unformatted text preview: Recap: Psychoanalytic theories Anna Freud Object relations theory New topic: Behaviorism Historical antecedents of behaviorism Direct contributors: Pavlov, Thorndike, Watson, (Skinner, next chapter) Behaviorism 1 Recap: Psychoanalysis Philosophical, medical antecedents to Freud Development of Freuds thought Neo-Freudians Adler, Jung, Horney Behaviorism 2 Anna Freud (1895 1982) Certified as a psychoanalyst by the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society in 1922 Extended Freuds work to children focusing on analysis of childrens fantasies and dreams; emphasized the importance of the phallic and later stages of development Emphasized the ego Behaviorism 3 Anna Freud, developmental lines, Erikson Developmental lines are paths in normal development that frame the childs adjustment to environmental demands Most basic is from infantile dependence to emotional self-reliance and adult relationships Regression occurs when challenges are severe Behaviorism 4 British Object Relations Theorists, the other neo-Freudians Objects of Freudian drives are the other involved in potential satisfaction of the drive.e.g. Drives for oral satisfaction, the mother is the object of the driveor the location in the body Objects are other people; humans seek not primal drive satisfaction, but relationships with important others Behaviorism 5 Melanie Klein (1882 1960) The first object is the good breast; infant must deal with emotions stimulated by the good breast and the bad breast Mind, differentiation of the self, emerge from early interactions Childrens play reveals unconscious conflicts; children as young as 2 years could be analyzed Behaviorism 6 Object relations theory heavily influenced John Bowlby Development of attachment theory Mid 20 th century Behaviorism 7 Historical antecedents of behaviorism Locke and Hume: empiricism and associationism Hobbes and materialism, mechanism Comte and Mill and positivism Russian objective psychology Behaviorism 8 Ivan Sechenov (1829 1905) MD in 1856, then studied with Muller and Helmholtz, influenced by Spencer and Darwin Influenced by the positivism of Muller and Helmholtz, Sechenov denied that thought caused behavior Both thought and behavior are caused by external stimulation, are reflexive Behaviorism 9 Sechenov made important discoveries in neurophysiology Cerebral inhibition of spinal reflexes Believed and taught that the only valid approach to psychology used the methods of physiology In frequent trouble with Czarist and church authorities Trained the next generation of Russian physiologists, including Cyon, Pavlovs first significant teacher....
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This note was uploaded on 11/17/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 830:470 taught by Professor Ingate during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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Chapter+13+Behaviorism-1 - Recap: Psychoanalytic theories...

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