Chapter+15+Gestalt+Psychology

Chapter+15+Gestalt+Psychology - Gestalt Psychology was an...

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Gestalt Psychology was an important contributor to both modern cognitive psychology and social psychology Wertheimer, Kohler, Koffka Reaction to elementalism of Wundt, behaviorism  of Americans 11/18/11 Gestalt Psychology 1
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Gestalt Psychology No exact translation of Gestalt. Common translations include configuration, form, holistic, structure, and pattern. Max Wertheimer - the Gestalt visionary. Gestalt psychology as a worldview. Wolfgang Köhler was a prolific researcher, writer, and spokesman for  Gestalt psychology. Spoke out against the Nazi movement.   In 1935, came to US and actively promoted Gestalt psychology. Kurt Koffka published The Growth of the Mind. Bringing Gestalt theory to developmental psychology. 11/18/11 2 Gestalt Psychology
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The intellectual antecedents of Gestalt psychology include the philosophy of Kant, field physics, and William James Kant balanced empiricism and rationalism / nativism A priori understandings of space, time, causality interact  with experience to organize sensation meaningfully Mechanical principles of association are not sufficient to  explain experience 11/18/11 3 Gestalt Psychology
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Friendships between psychologists and physicists influenced Gestalt psychology Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology in modern  Germany reflects Planck’s commitment to a holistic  understanding of phenomena Physical fields: e.g. magnetism, gravity, electrical fields.  Fields  are quantities associated with points of space-time.  These may  be vectors (direction and force), scalars (mass), tensors  (relationships between vectors), or spinors (in physics) 11/18/11 4 Gestalt Psychology
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James’ influence was strong but mixed Centrality of experience Pluralism in methods and openness to study of wide  ranging topics Views on instincts differed Views on sensation differed 11/18/11 5 Gestalt Psychology
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Wertheimer’s research on the phi (fie) phenomenon influenced all of his later work.
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Chapter+15+Gestalt+Psychology - Gestalt Psychology was an...

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