Chapter+17+Humanistic+Psychologies+for+sakai

Chapter+17+Humanistic+Psychologies+for+sakai - Humanistic...

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Humanistic psychologies have been called a third force Alternatives to psychoanalytic and behaviorist theories People are more than their unconscious motivations Humans can be aware at a metalevel and overcome  their conditioning Capacity for choice and transcendence is central to the  experience and meaning of being human 11/18/11 1 Humanistic Psychologies
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Philosophical antecedents Plato, quoting Socrates: “The unexamined life is not  worth living” Kant’s categorical imperative Reid’s common sense philosophy James’ topical and methodological pluralism Concepts of the self, free will 11/18/11 2 Humanistic Psychologies
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Philosophical antecedents in existentialism Kierkegaard (1813 – 1855) Unamuno (1864 – 1936) Heidegger (1889 – 1976) 11/18/11 3 Humanistic Psychologies
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Kierkegard (1813 – 1855) rejected rationalism and focused on experience (Recurrent theme: family history of dysfunction and depression)  Three modes of existence The aesthetic mode of existence, which may breed indifference  (may focus on sensuality or rationality-intellectualism) or  collapse into despair and emptiness The ethical mode of existence, involves acceptance of  into emptiness  The religious mode of existence, which may collapse into terror 11/18/11 4 Humanistic Psychologies
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Unamuno criticized existing systems Miguel de Unamuno (1864 – 1936) science and philosophy  fail to adequately address the problems of human life. Influenced by rationalism and positivism The burden of wisdom, search for truth The Tragic Sense of Life Prolific writer: poet, novelist, essayist, playwrite Politically outspoken, often removed from academic posts: 
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Chapter+17+Humanistic+Psychologies+for+sakai - Humanistic...

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