Chapter+18+Contemporary+Psychology-1

Chapter+18+Contemporary+Psychology-1 - Contempory psychology

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Contempory psychology Splintered disciplines and specialties Growing separation between academic and  professional psychology 11/18/11 Contemporary Psychologies 1
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Systems of Psychology can still be identified Psychoanalysis   has many active journals. Some theorists doubt its continued relevance. Humanistic psychology continues to have a small but significant  influence. Neobehaviorism and the psychology of learning remained dominant  through the last half of the 20th century. Neobehaviorism has largely been driven by the work and theoretical perspective of  B. F. Skinner. Harlow applied behavioral methods to research with primates. Other learning theorists, including Albert Bandura, Martin Seligman, and Robert  Rescorla expanded learning research into social, clinical, comparative domains. 11/18/11 2 Contemporary Psychologies
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Rescorla: contiguity of CS and UCS is not enough to produce classical conditioning Rescorla's findings: animals form an expectation,  detecting contingency between CS and UCS: one  circumstance is perceived to be dependent on the  other. Blocking occurs when prior experience with one stimulus prevents later conditioning to a second stimulus. The literature on blocking began with Leon Kamin in 1969. There are many theories as to why blocking occurs. Rescorla and Wagner favor the idea that only a certain amount of conditioning can be sustained by a given US. Later conditioning may be blocked simply because some limit has already been reached. 11/18/11 Contemporary Psychologies 3
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Cognitive psychology reflects the continuing interest in mental experience Frederick C. Bartlett developed schema theory. Jean Piaget studied cognitive development in children,  particularly in light of genetic epistemology. Edward Tolman  - cognitive maps Verbal learning research expanded as a topic area for  behavioral and cognitive researchers (then died) Noam Chomsky reviewed Skinner’s book Verbal  Behavior. Chomsky’s review helped to formally launch cognitive  psychology. 11/18/11 4 Contemporary Psychologies
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Content areas of cognitive psychology diverged from behaviorism. Many cognitive psychologists embrace an  information-processing approach. Cognitive psychologies focus on an active  interpretation of the role of the participant. Cognitive psychology inherited a strong  experimental approach from neobehaviorism. Cognitive psychology embraces a wide  methodological scope. 11/18/11 5 Contemporary Psychologies
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computer metaphor Ulrich Neisser questioned the ecological validity of  many findings. Memory Observed (two editions)
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Chapter+18+Contemporary+Psychology-1 - Contempory psychology

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