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5-1 - divide the bottom into the top 2 5 2 4 1 2 1 2...

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Multiplying With Fractions Lesson 5-1
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Just Follow These Easy Steps! Multiply the numerators and write down the answer as your new numerator. Multiply the denominators and write down the answer as your new denominator. Simplify.
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Example 1 5 8 x 3 4 = 15 32 There are no common factors for 15 and 32, so this fraction cannot be simplified.
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Example 2 3 4 x 2 9 = 6 36 This fraction can be reduced. Divide the numerator and denominator by the GCF, which is 6. = 1 6
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Multiplying by a Whole Number If you want to multiply a fraction by a whole number, turn your whole number into a fraction by placing a 1 as the denominator. If your answer is improper, divide the bottom into the top. 4 5 x 20 1 = 80 5 = 16
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Another Example 15 x 1 6 1 = 15 6 15 and 6 have a GCF of 3. = 5 2 Five halves is improper, so we
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Unformatted text preview: divide the bottom into the top. 2 5 2 4 1 2 1 2 Simplifying Factors ■ Before you multiply, you can make the problem simpler. ■ You can find the GCF of any numerator and denominator. ■ Find a factor that equally divides the top number and bottom number, divide, and rewrite the problem. Example 1 5 7 x 8 16 In the second fraction, 8 and 16 have a GCF of 8. 8 ÷ 8 = 1 and 16 ÷ 8 = 2 1 2 Now, multiply with the simpler numbers. 5 x 1 = 5 and 7 x 2 = 14. 5 14 Example 2 2 3 x 5 12 The top of the first fraction and the bottom of the second fraction have a common factor. The GCF of 2 and 12 is 2. 2 ÷ 2 = 1, and 12 ÷ 2 = 6. 1 6 Now, multiply: 5 18 Homework Time!...
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