anthro study guide

anthro study guide - 7) Evolution Chomsky/Universal...

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7) Evolution Chomsky/Universal Grammar - explain characteristics of individual language by talking about “an innate linguistic endownment” Language evolved : 40,000-2,000,000 years ago, though writing was found 5-8000 years ago. Language didn’t leave direct evidence of its existence, no fossils Artifacts preserve evidence of culture Objects can be read for meaning Indirect evidence that people were communicating more abstract thoughts with each other Ways of communication Ex. Burial Grave with certain ways of preserving body or placing objects in tomb, (signs of culture) Vervet Monkeys - Vervets have “words” for leopard, eagle, snake, ect. All could indicate dominant, rival, or a friend monkey Indexical signs that “point” to something Monkeys would have certain reactions to each sign, showed that the signs were different and meant different things Human Uniqueness vs. Continuity (evolutionary) theories of language - Human Uniqueness - gap between animals and humans is unabridged,
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This note was uploaded on 11/17/2011 for the course ANTHRO 105 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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anthro study guide - 7) Evolution Chomsky/Universal...

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