legal studies review exam 2

legal studies review exam 2 - 1 The Stanford Prison...

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1. The Stanford Prison Experiment was a psychological study conducted by Professor Philip Zimbardo. The experiment demonstrated the “power of the situation” by The set up of the fake jail and the opposing sides forced the participants into 2 different power roles. Forced people to behave and act different esp. when put into extremely different circumstances than normal, out of element made it easier to act in role. 2. In “The Violence of Legal Acts,” Robert Cover states, “legal interpretation takes place in a field of pain and death.” Cover examines the relationship between law and violence and argues that It takes force to make sure law is being followed, therefore the force is necessary to ensure the law. Justified when done as a legal act, fear of violence needs to be put into peoples head to follow the law, the fear of jail needs to be put into people’s heads so they are more likely to follow the law, the ability to put someone in jail and strip them of their rights is a form of violence through law. 3. In his “Address to the Prisoners in the Cook County Jail,” Clarence Darrow states, “the fellows who control the earth make the laws.” By this, Darrow is suggesting that People are in jail due to circumstances beyond their control. Many prisoners are there because they were not good enough at illegally obtaining essential means to survive, (ex. Money). The fellows that control the earth obtained the means they needed for survival either illegally or legally in the correct way, therefore they do not up in jail. Wealthy have the power and they are protected by the law. 4. In class, we looked at Stanley Milgram's experiment on obedience to authority. How does this study relate to other perspectives on obedience, power and authority addressed in class and in readings? This experiment showed that they power of authority can control people to do actions that are not morally correct, and would normally not have been done. The peoples obedience to the authority showed that the people were scared to not follow authority’s orders. Concluded there are 2 ways people behave, in the autonomy state (normal state), and as agents in a system, you as an individual plug in and adhere to those who are higher than you. In the readings many people followed the law in the autonomy state, or going against authority by following their moral views. 5. Which of the following statements contradicts the conclusion in Tom Tyler's study on why people obey the law? Individuals act and make decisions based on fear of getting caught, and deterrence. Also the instrumental view which is the belief in the deterence, self interested individuals, and that we want what is good for us and avoid what is bad, and work off of tangible gains.
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6. The concept of legitimacy is important to understanding compliance with the law because the view that a person or institution is rightfully entitled to dictate one's
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This note was uploaded on 11/17/2011 for the course LEGAL 250 taught by Professor Holmes during the Fall '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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legal studies review exam 2 - 1 The Stanford Prison...

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