Comm 222 FINAL study guide

Comm 222 FINAL study guide - Comm 222 study guide Sources...

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Comm 222 study guide Sources of economic support for media systems Types of financial arrangements in different systems and countries Permissive o Commercial (economic basis of production) o Allows for marketplace to play dominant roles, with limited regulation from the government o Advertising is the dominant source of funding o To serve public interest, convience or necessity Paternalistic o License fees o Dictates that TV programming content is to be determined by a combination of free marketplace forces and government regulations o Help serve public interest but inform, educate and entertain Authoritarian o General tax revenues o Seen in countries where there is a strong autocratic government such as a dictatorship or communist regime o Politically clear, purposeful, profound, ect Subscriptions o 2008 we spend $75 billion on cable subscriptions Hybrid systems Pluralistic systems Common carriers o Business that transports people, goods, or services and offers its services to the general public under license or authority provided by a regulatory body o FCC –communications act of 1934 Cultural imperialism o Practice of promoting, distinguishing, separating, or artificially injecting the culture of one society into another o US TV shows in other countries o Global TV market - $130 million o US share 60% o Controversy of Free Flow (what US wants) vs. New World Information Order 50s-80s US programming dominated world 90s- much more local programming/international sharing early 2000s- US programming rarely in prime time since 06 US programming resurging Legal requirements of broadcast license holders Implications of the “public interest” standard
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Evolution of the 1927 Radio Act to the 1934 Communication Act (no significant change) to the 1996 telecommunications Act (more de-regulation) and beyond Radio Act of 1927 o Creates FRC- allocates frequency, ends chaos o Government keeps control, NOT ownership o Guiding standard “Public interest, convenience or necessity o Free speech, no censorship, equal time, provisions for political candidates 1932- Roosevelt elected, wants new law- Communications Act of 1934 o communication as commerce o Incorporate RAO 1927 o Adds jurisdiction over interstate and foreign wire o Communication (telephone) o Creates FCC Main competition was Wagner Hatfield Bill o No educational provisions o Licenses extended to 3 years o FCC will grant/revoke licenses in terms of “public interest, convenience, or necessity Due to deregulations leading to a concentration of media ownership with fewer broadcasters competing in regional markets and the elimination of local media outlets – 1996 telecommunications act o Foster competition among companies that use similar underlying network technologies Hoped to result in more consumer choices, better service and lower bills Single radio group allowed to own as many channels as it wants No national ownership caps
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Comm 222 FINAL study guide - Comm 222 study guide Sources...

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