german final - Prof. Andrew Donson German 376 / History...

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Prof. Andrew Donson German 376 / History 387: The Holocaust as History Final Examination Review Browning, “One Day in Józefów” 1) What does the narrative of Police Battalion 101 tell us about how and why the Holocaust happened? German order Police, played a central role in carrying out the final solution during the Nazi’s invasion of Poland. They rounded up Poles, Jews and Gypsies and shot each one by one. This narrative explained how gruesome and inhumane the Holocaust actually was. The Police Battalion were men that were too old and unworthy to fight as German soldiers so they were put in charge of killing people at gun point one by one. The men were told of their orders as they pulled up to the small village, which was inhabited by Poles, 1,800 of them Jewish. These men were very average and were turned into cold-blooded killers by Hitler’s orders. The commanding officer shed tears as he gave the orders and offered an alternative, but most men did not take it. After reading this, it is obvious how large scale and shocking the acts during the Holocaust were. The Holocaust affected all those not willing to agree with Hitler or any of those that did not “fit in” with Aryan domination. The people who were killed at Jozefow were part of this unfortunate category. “War Diary of Blutordensträger Felix Landau,” in Bartov, ed., pp. 185-203. 2) What does this diary tell us about how and why the Holocaust happened? Felix seemed like such an average human being, but in reality he killed many people. His diary gives the perpetrators of the Holocaust a personality and voice. He was emotional, in love and had a very soft side. He seemed to be negatively affected by his job and did not agree with what he was doing, but it was his job. It seems that the actions of the Holocaust were not a choice for many people, yes they could take a stand and refuse but they were unsure of the harsh consequences they may have faced. The Holocaust happened because of higher authority and orders and a fear of the unknown, it was easier to agree than disagree. Birn , “Revising the Holocaust” 3) What were the main arguments of Goldhagen’s Hitler’s Willing Executioners ? Offer four criticisms that Birn makes of Goldhagen’s book and the evidence she offers to support her arguments. Goldhagen argues that anti-Semitism was integrated into German culture and Hitler brought it to life. The Nazis turned this anti-Semitism into a reality, something good and this was widely accepted. In order for Goldhagen to say this, Birn feels he must compare it to other anti- Semitisms to show its uniqueness. Primo Levi, Survival in Auschwitz 1
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4) Why did Primo Levi in Survival in Auschwitz devote such a substantial analysis to the economics of the camp? How did this analysis relate to his views on the Holocaust more generally? Devoted such a substantial analysis to the economics of the camp because it is so
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This note was uploaded on 11/17/2011 for the course GERMAN 367 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at UMass (Amherst).

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german final - Prof. Andrew Donson German 376 / History...

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