Nutritionextracredit - Nutrition 130 Extra Credit...

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Nutrition 130: Extra Credit Assignment (Fall 2008) INSTRUCTION: The following questions are from Chapter 15, 16, and 17 for Life Cycle Nutrition in your textbook. Please review the corresponding chapters and type the answers briefly and concisely in a word document (1 point each, Total 20 points) *** Due by December 12 (Friday, review for the exam) in class. (Will NOT accept after class, and email is not acceptable) 1. What is the U.S. government’s rationale for requiring the fortification of grain products with folate? Since half the pregnancies each year are unplanned and because neural tube defects occur early in development before most women realize they are pregnant, grain products in the US are fortified with folate to help ensure an adequate intake. 2. Briefly discuss the association between maternal malnutrition and the increased risk of development of diabetes in her offspring. An underweight woman has a high risk of having a low birth weight infant, also the rates of preterm births and infant deaths are higher for underweight women. Therefore the baby will have a higher risk of developing diabetes, with a lower birth rate. 3. Discuss the consequences of being overweight or obese at the time of pregnancy. Obese women have a high risk of medical complications such as hypertension, gestational diabetes, and postpartum infections. They also have are more likely to have other complications of labor and delivery. 4. Why do some infant formulas now contain omega-3 fatty acids? Discuss the importance of omega-3 fatty acids in the development of infants. Omega-3 fatty acids are important to the growth and development of the fetus. The brain depends heavily on long chain omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids for its growth, function and structure. 5. Discuss important concerns of vegetarian diets during pregnancy or lactation. Vegan women who restrict themselves to an exclusively plant-based diet generally have low food energy intakes and are thin, therefore jeopardizing a healthy pregnancy. Normally a vegetarian diet can support a healthy pregnancy and successful lactation.
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