psych study guide 5

psych study guide 5 - Health psychology-the branch of psych...

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Health psychology-the branch of psych that investigates the psychological factors related to wellness and illness, including the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of medical problems Psychoneuroimmunolgy(PNI)-the study of the relationship among psychological factors, the immune system, and the brain Stress-person’s response to events that are threatening or challenging Cataclysmic events- strong stressors that occur suddenly, affecting many people at once (ex: natural disasters) Personal stressors-major life events such as death of a family member, that have immediate consequences that generally fade with time Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-a phenomenon in which victims of major catastrophes or strong personal stressors feel long lasting effects that may include re-experiencing the event in vivid flashbacks or dreams Background stressors (“daily hassles” )- everyday annoyances such as being stuck in traffic that cause minor irritations and may have long-term ill effects if they continue or are compounded by other stressful events Uplift- the flipside of hassle and the minor positive events that make us feel good even if only temporary Psychophysiological disorders- medical problems influenced by an interaction of psychological, emotional, and physical difficulties Psychosomatic disorders- what psychophysiological disorders were once called but the term was dropped because people assumed that the disorders were somehow unreal General adaptation syndrome (GAS) – theory developed by Hans Selye that suggests that a person’s response to a stressor consists of three stages: -alarm and mobilization occurs when people become aware of the presence of a stressor -resistance is when the body prepares to fight the stressor (Ex: student who faces the stress of failing several courses might spend long hrs studying seeking to cope with the stress -exhaustion is when a person’s ability to adapt to the stressor declines to the point where negative consequences of stress appear: physical illness and psychological symptoms in form of an inability to concentrate, heightened irritability, or severe cases disorientation and loss of touch with reality Lymphocytes- specialized white blood cells that fight disease at an extraordinary rate Coping- efforts of control, reduce, or learn to tolerate the threats that lead to stress Emotion focused coping-when ppl try to manage their emotions in the face of stress seeking to change the way they feel about or perceive a problem(Ex: Problem focused coping- attempts to modify stressful problem or source of stress (Ex: starting a study group to improve poor classroom performance , or taking a day off from caring for a relative with a serious chronic illness to go to a spa can bring significant relief from stress Avoidant coping- one of the least effective forms and is when a person may use wishful thinking to reduce stress or use more direct escape routes such as
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This note was uploaded on 11/17/2011 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Cave during the Fall '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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psych study guide 5 - Health psychology-the branch of psych...

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