pyschstudyguide - Motivation factors that direct and...

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Motivation factors that direct and energize the behavior of humans and other organisms Instincts inborn patterns of behavior that are biologically determined rather than learned drive-reduction approaches to motivation theories suggesting that a lack of a basic biological requirement such as water produces a drive to obtain that requirement drive motivational tension, or arousal, that energizes behavior to fulfill a need homeostasis the body’s tendency to maintain a steady internal state arousal approaches to motivation belief that we try to maintain certain levels of stimulation and activity, increasing or reducing them as necessary cognitive approaches to motivation theories suggesting that motivation is a product of people’s thoughts and expectations-their cognitions self-actualization state of self-fulfillment in which people realize their highest potential, each in their unique way obesity body weight that is more than 20% above the average weight for a person of a particular height weight set point particular level of weight that the body strives to maintain metabolism rate at which food is converted to energy and expended by the body anorexia nervosa a severe eating disorder in which people may refuse to eat while denying that their behavior and appearance (skeleton- like) are unusual bulimia disorder in which person binges on incredibly large quantities of food and later attempt to purge through vomiting or laxatives need for achievement a stable, learned characteristic in which a person obtains satisfaction by striving for and attaining a level of excellence need for affiliation interest in establishing and maintaining relationships with other people need for power a tendency to seek impact, control or influence over others, and to be seen as a powerful individual emotions feelings that generally have both physiological and cognitive elements and that influence behavior James-Lange theory of emotion belief that emotional experience is a reaction to bodily events occurring as a result of an external situation Cannon-Bard theory of emotion belief that both physiological arousal and emotional experience are produced simultaneously by the same nerve stimulus Schachter-Singer theory of emotion belief that emotions are determined jointly by a nonspecific kind of physiological arousal and its interpretation, based on environmental cues facial affect program activation of a set nerve impulses that make the face display the appropriate expression display rules guidelines that govern the appropriateness of showing emotion nonverbally facial-feedback hypothesis the hypothesis that facial expressions not only reflect emotional experience but also help determine how people experience and label emotions gender roles set of expectations defined by society that indicate what is appropriate behavior for men and women gender schema mental framework that organizes and guides a child’s understanding of info relevant to gender androgynous gender roles that encompass psychological and behavioral traits though
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This note was uploaded on 11/17/2011 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Cave during the Fall '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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pyschstudyguide - Motivation factors that direct and...

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