Psych study guide exam 4

Psych study guide exam 4 - Chapter 11 Aggression and...

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Chapter 11 Aggression and violence Terms: Aggression - behavior that is intended to injure someone physically or psychologically Violence - aggression that is intended to cause extreme injury Hostile aggression - harm doing that arises out of negative emotions such as anger frustration or hatred Instrumental aggression - harm doing that is motivated by goals other than hurting the target such as obtaining something of value Related aggression- behavior that is intended to damage another person’s peer relationships General aggression model(GAM)- a broad theory that conceptualizes aggression as the result of a chain of psychological processes including situational events aggressive thoughts and feelings and interpretations of the situation Frustration -aggression hypothesis- the twin propositions that frustration always leads to some form of aggression and frustration is the only cause of aggression Displaced aggression - harm doing that is directed at someone or something that was not the actual source of frustration Catharsis - the idea that aggressive behavior releases peoples pent-up frustration and reduces the likelihood of subsequent aggression Excitation transfer - the idea that physiological arousal from sources other than frustration or anger can be liked to anger-related thoughts and cognitions thereby increasing aggression Social learning theory - an approach proposing that humans learn many kinds of responses including aggressive ones by observing others; observation shows people both how to perform a behavior and whether that behavior will be rewarded or punished Cognitive neoassociation model of aggression - a theory of harm doing proposing that aversive events activate the schemas for fight and flight, which elicits the emotions of anger and fear; whether people respond with aggression or escape depends on the pattern of cues in the situation Trait aggressiveness - a disposition that represents how likely people are to respond to provocations with aggression Aggression questionnaire (AQ) – a scale that measures individual differenced in trait aggressiveness Culture of honor - a social network in which men are taught from an early age to defend their reputation for strength by responding to insults or threats with aggression Mob - a crowd acting under strong emotional conditions that often lead to violence or illegal acts Erotica - sexually explicit material that depicts nonviolent consensual sexual activity Degrading pornography - sexually explicit material that debases or dehumanizes people, usually women Violent pornography - sexually explicit material that depicts aggressive hostile sexual activity Cognitive-relaxation coping skills training (CRCS)- an intervention program designed to reduce anger which involves teaching people a set of relaxation techniques and ways to modify their anger-related thoughts Cognitive restructuring- recognizing and modifying anger related thoughts and attributions it forms part of CRCS training CHAPTER 12 helpful social behavior
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Psych study guide exam 4 - Chapter 11 Aggression and...

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