soc merit 4:23 - Merit The transformation of American...

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Merit The transformation of American education Special place of education in American society Primary location of social citizenship rights Emphasis on opportunity rather than outcome Universal literacy By 1840, highest rate of literacy in the world o Compulsory public education o Education for citizenship The high school movement Education for citizenship adapted for immigrant population Vocational emphasis Colleges: pre civil war More in Us than elsewhere Formed by protestant denominations Serving small, elite population (1-2%) Fixed curriculum with heavy emphasis on religious training Colleges: the morrill land grant act Mass expansion of universities Greater emphasis on “agriculture and mechanical arts” “engine” of economic growth o trained personnel o provision of direct assistance to agriculture and industry never more than 10% of populations before WWII Colleges: since WWII vocationalism occupational degrees become majority
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soc merit 4:23 - Merit The transformation of American...

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