01_Intro - Action Cognition begins with action That is why...

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Unformatted text preview: Action Cognition begins with action . That is why there is a psychology of animals but not a psychology of plants. Action includes Stimulus or input from world Response of organism Memory (Mostly Short-term) Makes it possible to organize a sequence of actions into a behavior Foraging, stalking, chasing, feeding, courting Migration Learning & Long-term Memory Stimulus – response associations may be innate (insects) or learned (most other creatures). Learning makes it possible for an organism to survive in a more variable environment. Cats can catch mice or birds or fish. Advantages of Learning Associative Advantages (Rewards) Emotion makes it possible Recognition of resources (pleasure, comfort) Recognition of danger (fear, disgust) Performative Advantages Memory makes it possible for a creature to do something better the next time. Mental maps make it possible to find resources and avoid threats Learning begins when a novel situation is encountered A novel situation requires, initially, the widest possible action repertoire and the ability to modify action in response to feedback Effective Responses to Novel Situations are Voluntary A response to a novel situation requires Ability to compare situation with similar situations Select an effective response in a similar situation and possibly modify it for the current situation Such a response is a voluntary (i.e. conscious ) action Consciousness...
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This note was uploaded on 11/17/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 830:303 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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01_Intro - Action Cognition begins with action That is why...

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