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09B_LanguageLearning - BeginningofLanguage Learning...

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Beginning of Language  Learning Language learning emerges from  general  communication skills Emotion “Motherese/Parentese”:Special form of speech that  caregivers use with children to convey meaning through  sound patterns. Gesture  After six months the infant begins to follow pointing  gestures. At 8-10 months pincer grips develops and infant begins  to point. Nonverbal communication skills at 13 months  predict language ability up to 5 years of age  (Ulvund & Smith, 1996)
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Hurdles to Learning to  Understand Spoken Language Segmenting the continuous speech  input into words Associating a novel word with its  meaning.
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Speech Segmentation Segmenting the continuous speech input into  words Characteristic stress pattern Transitional Probabilities of Syllables High frequency items, auditory temporal serial learning Motherese Touch or use child’s name when starting. Use a high pitched voice Speak slowly with extra pauses Repeat instructions Analysis-by synthesis through babbling
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Early Language Learning Ages Skill Description 0-12 Mo. Production Cooing:  Infant produces phonemes of all possible  languages (deaf infants included). At 6 mo.:  Babbling:  Produces only phonemes of  language(s) being acquired (not deaf infants). Speech  Perception By 5 mo.:  discriminates stress patterns of own  lang .
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