Temp - InfantLearning TwoTypesofDeclarative Learning

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    Infant Learning
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Two Types of Declarative  Learning Early Learning (Novel Items) No prior knowledge available.  Must  construct representation of some part of  the world from perceptual input. Infants are necessarily early learners. Mature Learning (Familiar Items) Elaboration of prior knowledge, i.e.,  elaboration of semantic network.
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0 – 6 Months Infants like to look at faces and are born with  emotional (happy, sad, angry, distressed) and  social knowledge. At birth, infants can suck, move their eyes  and head from side to side to look at objects,  and kick. At 3 months the visual system can encode  faces At 3 months an infant can remember an  action that she cannot yet perform 
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Method Without operant contingency there is no learning Long-Term Retention Test = Baseline Baseline Ratio Long-term Retention Test = Retention Immediate Ratio Retention Test Reinforcement No Reinforcement
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Durations of Session  Components Baseline – 1 or 2 min Acquisition – 4 or 6 min Immediate Retention Test – 30 sec or 1  min
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Infant only kicks to exactly the  same mobile The effect of changing the size of the training character by 33% on the magnitude of delayed recognition 24 hours after training for 3-month olds.
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Forgetting: Initially infant kicks only to training  mobile.  At the end of the retention interval the  infant also kicks to novel mobile
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Effect of Study Variables on  Retention Interval in Mobile Task – 3- 6 Months Retention interval is a function of: training session duration number of training sessions interval lengths between sessions Hence retention interval is a function of  the number of repetitions and the  intervals between repetitions
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Retention interval is a function of age (2  sessions 24 hours apart) For children 6-months and up pressing a button makes a train move
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This note was uploaded on 11/17/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 830:303 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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Temp - InfantLearning TwoTypesofDeclarative Learning

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