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Chevreulpendulumpapeintensityscorechanges8312007

Chevreulpendulumpapeintensityscorechanges8312007 -...

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Responding and Failing to Respond to Both Hypnosis and a Kinesthetic Illusion, Chevreul's Pendulum. 1 Robert A. Karlin, PhD, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ Austin Hill, PhD, Private Practice, Haworth, NJ and New York City, NY Stanley Messer, PhD, Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 1 Requests for reprints should be sent to Robert A. Karlin, Department of Psychology, Tillett Hall, Livingston Campus, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08903 or e-mailed to [email protected] The authors wish to express their appreciation to Emily Carota Orne for her encouragement and thoughtful suggestions about this manuscript.
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Working title – Chevreul’s pendulum Abstract In this study, participants who failed to exhibit pendulum movement in response to Chevreul’s Pendulum (CP) instructions had lower SHSS:A scores and reported experiencing less subjective response to hypnosis than did their counterparts who exhibited CP movement. However, intensity scores on Shor’s (1961) Personal Experiences Questionnaire did not differ between pass and fail CP groups. Additionally, pass CP participants showed positive correlations between PEQ intensity scores and hypnotizability scores, while fail CP participants showed negative correlations among these measures. These findings were considered consistent with the notion that CP failure may rather reflect a situation-specific unwillingness to become imaginatively involved, than a general inability to do so. Additional analyses revealed that 5 of 10 participants who had failed the CP task scored 0 or 1 on the SHSS:A, while only 3 of 65 Pass CP participants scored 0 or 1. Thus, passing CP strongly indicates that a participant will co-operatively engage in hypnotizability testing, while failing CP was associated with greater heterogeneity of response to the SHSS:A [ 001 . , 73 . 18 ) 75 , 1 ( 2 < = = p n χ ] . These findings imply the possible utility of supplemental data analyses in which one eliminates participants scoring 0 or 1 on easy hypnotic susceptibility scales such as the SHSS:A. This might remove a good deal of the heterogeneity among relatively unhypnotizable participants. Possible clinical implications may include a simple means of falsifying the hypothesis of patient resistance to therapy and/or hypnosis. 2
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Working title – Chevreul’s pendulum Responding and Failing to Respond to Both Hypnosis and a Kinesthetic Illusion, Chevreul's Pendulum. When a patient fails to improve in psychotherapy, one might think that s/he is “resisting” treatment. Like many clinical hypotheses, the notion of treatment resistance may be both hard to test and open to confirmation bias, even among mental health professionals (cf. Haverkamp, 1993).
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