Ornememoriesoftrauma1996-1 - Orne M T Whitehouse W G Orne E...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Orne, M. T., Whitehouse, W. G., Orne, E. C., & Dinges, D. F. "Memories" of anomalous and traumatic autobiographical experiences: Validation and consolidation of fantasy through hypnosis. Psychological Inquiry, 1996, 7, 168-172. "Memories" of Anomalous and Traumatic Autobiographical Experiences: Validation and Consolidation of Fantasy Through Hypnosis Martin T. Orne, Wayne G. Whitehouse,Emily Carota Orne, and David F. Dinges Institute of Pennsylvania Hospital and University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine From the time of Freud and Janet, psychological science has grappled with the trustworthiness of socalled recovered memories of physically or psychologically traumatic experiences that are assumed, for some time, to have been repressed or dissociated from awareness. In a not uncommon psychotherapy scenario, an adult individual who seeks treatment for a current problem, such as an eating disorder or depression, might find that the therapist believes the presenting symptoms to be rooted in a history of childhood abuse or incest, of which the client was previously unaware. The two then embark on a course of "uncovering" therapy, typically using hypnosis or a similar suggestion/imagery-laden procedure, whereupon the heinous "evidence" is gradually dredged from the client's unconscious. The legitimacy of remembrances obtained in such a context, in the absence of other corroborating evidence, is an issue that is being debated throughout the mental health professions and in courtrooms worldwide. It should be noted, however, that it was an explicit goal of the therapy to excavate the presumed repressed memories of childhood abuse in an effort to alleviate the patient's current symptoms. Therefore, that the client confirmed the therapist's suspicions by reporting recollections consonant with such a history might mean that the events actually took place; alternatively, it is also possible that the therapeutic milieu served to set the stage for the creation of a false memory of childhood abuse. In a slightly different vignette, the treatment of another individual results in his reporting an episode in which he was transported from his bed and deposited in a high-technology operating room aboard an alien space vessel, where he becomes the subject of an invasive medical examination. Certainly, any claim that this recovered memory represents a literal autobiographical experience would be greeted with skepticism. The memory concerns an occurrence that is so out of the ordinary--and that defies contemporary scientific validation--that it is likely not to be taken seriously. Nevertheless, the manner in which an alien-abduction memory is dealt with in therapy may not differ from the way recovered memories of childhood abuse, or any other autobiographical reminiscences, are treated. In the interest of maintaining a supportive therapeutic context, all such claims
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 11/17/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 830:452 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '11 term at Rutgers.

Page1 / 9

Ornememoriesoftrauma1996-1 - Orne M T Whitehouse W G Orne E...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online