fruits of bible (dragged) 1

fruits of bible (dragged) 1 - GRAPE ( Vitis orientalis , V....

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Unformatted text preview: GRAPE ( Vitis orientalis , V. vinifera ) Both wild and cultivated grapes are referred to in the Hebrew bible. The wild grapes of the Old World V. sylvestris are indigenous to the South Caspian belt, Turkey, and the Balkans, and were widely distributed in the northern Mediterranean area including the Black and Caspian seas. Toward 5000 BCE and perhaps earlier, the domestic grape, V. vinifera , migrated from Anatolia to Syria and thence to the Holy Land. Signs of Bronze Age domestication are found in Mesopotamia, the Holy Land, Syria, Egypt, and the Aegean. By the second millennium BCE , there is evidence of vessels for wine storage as well as raisins. Grapes are easily propagated vegeta- tively, permitting extensive plantings of unique clones. The great genetic change in domestication was the switch from dioecism to hermaphroditism, increase in berry size and sugar content, and selection of various skin colors, and later, selection for seedless- ness, a key factor for table grapes and raisins....
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