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Unformatted text preview: pay the due of it on the day of its reaping, and do not act extravagantly; surely He does not love the extravagant. Qur’an, The Cattle:6.141 OLIVE ( Olea europa ) The olive is a slow-growing, long-lived evergreen tree uniquely adapted to and a defining feature of the Mediterranean climate (Fig. 3). Archeological evidence of the olive dates to 10,000 BCE , whereas the cultivated olive originated 4000 BCE in Asia Minor. The olive was not used by the Babylonians and Assyrians, whose sources of oil were sesame and walnut, but olive was long known in Syria and the Holy Land and was intro- duced to Egypt between 3000 and 1600 BCE . By the time of Ramses II (1197–1165 BCE ) olive oil was used for illumination and as a skin emollient for cracks and sunburn. The first use of olive oil was probably medicinal, but it became the first great industrial crop because of its use in illumi- nation; the burning oil of olive gives a very luminous flame. Oil lamps of the ancient world are among the most common artifacts of archeological digs in that area. The oil wasof archeological digs in that area....
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2011 for the course HIST 302 taught by Professor Jensic during the Summer '10 term at Purdue.
- Summer '10