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2 Lecture 2 Paleolithic Humans The Paleolithic period , which means “ Old Stone Age ,” has been considered to extend from 750,000 to 15,000 years ago. Paleolithic humans were hunters and gatherers. Their culture survives chie f y though the remains of stone tools, which along with carbon dating can be used to determine chronology. Evi- dence is accumulating that there were waves of migrations. About 500,000 years ago, a surge of hominid expansion occurred from populations that had a brain capacity of 1100-1300 cc, a species now known as either archaic Homo sapiens or Homo heidelbergensis , after its discovery in Germany (Fig. 2-3). This new immigrant population F rmly established itself in Europe with superb hunting skills as evidenced by weapons such as spears. This group gave rise to Neandertals, brawny and large-brained humans with short arms and a broad trunk, who appeared in Europe about 250,000 years ago. However, about this time a new African group, Homo sapiens or Cro-Magnon
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2011 for the course HIST 302 taught by Professor Jensic during the Summer '10 term at Purdue University.
- Summer '10