lec03 (dragged) 2 - bread and wine in Christian theology)....

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3 Lecture 3 Tigris-Euphrates Rivers (Mesopotamia—present day Iraq) Indus River Nile River The earliest evidence of agricultural development occurs in the area known as the Fertile Crescent (present-day Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Israel) (Fig. 3-4, 3-5). Jarmo is one of the earliest villages. Agriculture also developed in other areas such as China and MesoAmerica but at a later date. The precise push to develop agriculture is not clear but a number of reasons have been speculated. Domestication for Religious Reasons. These include rituals, ceremonies, and magical spells, many of which are related to healing. In early societies, agriculture is thought of as a Divine Gift. Present-day evidence for the relation between agriculture and religion is found in the sanctity of cows, bull f ghts, use of sheep in sacri f cial ceremonies, sacred oils, incense, religious use of bread (the “Eucharist” is the consecration of
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Unformatted text preview: bread and wine in Christian theology). Population Pressure. Climatic changes reduced range and led to oasis agriculture. Population pres-sures may have initiated plant domestication. In agricultural societies children are assets, so once the deci-sion is made to depend on agriculture, populations inevitably increase and the economy becomes locked into agriculture. A high value is placed on proli f c women; barren ones are cast out. Subsistence agricultural populations are unlikely to reach equilibria without disease epidemics, famine, and war. Nomadism. Nomadism refers to a primitive type of animal agriculture in which there is no f xed location but the herder and the F ock or herd rotates in a search for suitable pasture. Nomadism is the link between hunting and farming. Fig. 3-4. The fertile crescent....
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2011 for the course HIST 302 taught by Professor Jensic during the Summer '10 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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