lec03 (dragged) 3 - tions of women with exaggerated hips...

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4 Lecture 3 C . The f rst houses that prehistoric Syrians lived in were round; later houses became rectangular, with rounded corners. However, by around 6000 BCE, at least on the site of el-Kowm, near Palmyra, people were living in three-part rectangular houses like this one (reconstructed). Their houses had plaster F oors and were equipped with storerooms for keeping food and hearths for cooking it. D . Model of a forti f ed Turkish village of Hacilon, about 5400 BCE. Source: First Farmers. 1) West wall, 2) East wall, 3) Northwest gate, 4) North courtyard, 5) Parching oven, 6) Grainery, 7) House, 8) Small courtyard, 9) Kitchen, 10) South gate, 11) South courtyard, 12) Basket weaving area, 13) Pottery workshop, 14) Pottery courtyard, 15) Shrine, 16) Well Fig. 3-5. Images from the Ancient Near East A . Female f gurines - Terra cotta 5000 BCE. Sites from this period yield an abundance of terra cotta representa-
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Unformatted text preview: tions of women with exaggerated hips and breasts, convincing evidence that the agro-pastoral comunities at the time were very much concerned about fertility as a fundamental principle of survival. This type of fertility symbol-called a mother goddess by some-appeared in the Near East at the end of the 9th millennium and continued in various related styles of representation for several more millennia. B . Terra cotta wagons 2500 BCE. Carts were developed towards the end of the 4th millennium. At f rst, they were drawn by asses or oxen, which were preferable for transporting heavy loads. The two-wheeled model is called a cart. Since wagons were slow going no more than 15 km per day, and could be used only on fairly F at land. It was more pro f table to transport goods on the backs of asses, since these animals could travel over uneven terrain and cover a distance of 20 km per day....
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2011 for the course HIST 302 taught by Professor Jensic during the Summer '10 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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