lec05 (dragged) 4

lec05 (dragged) 4 - Grains and Legumes 1 Einkorn wheat...

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5 Lecture 5 3. Shot wheat, Triticum sphaerocoecum 4. Pea, Pisum sativum 5. Lentil, Lens esculenta 6. Horse bean, Vicia faba 7. Chickpea, Cicer arientinum 8. Mung bean, Phaseolus aureus 9. Mustard, Brassica juncea 10. Flax, Linum usitatissimum (one of the centers) 11. Sesame, Sesamum indicum Fiber Plants 1. Hemp, Cannabis indica 2. Cotton, Gossypium herbaceum Vegetables 1. Onion, Allium cepa 2. Garlic, Allium sativum 3. Spinach, Spinacia oleracea 4. Carrot, Daucus carota Fruits 1. Pistacia, Pistacia vera 2. Pear, Pyrus communis 3. Almond, Amygdalus communis 4. Grape, Vitis vinifera 5. Apple, Malus pumila IV. Near-Eastern Center: Includes interior of Asia Minor, all of Transcaucasia, Iran, and the highlands of Turkmenistan. Eighty-three species including nine species of wheat were located in this region.
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Unformatted text preview: Grains and Legumes 1. Einkorn wheat, Triticum monococcum (14 chromosomes) 2. Durum wheat, Triticum durum (28 chromosomes) 3. Poulard wheat, Triticum turgidum (28 chromosomes) 4. Common wheat, Triticum vulgare (42 chromosomes) 5. Oriental wheat, Triticum orientale 6. Persian wheat, Triticum persicum (28 chromosomes) 7. Triticum timopheevi (28 chromosomes) 8. Triticum macha (42 chromosomes) 9. Triticum vavilovianum , branched (42 chromosomes) 10. Two-row barleys, Hordeum distichum, H. nutans 11. Rye, Secale cereale 12. Mediterranean oats, Avena byzantina 13. Common oats, Avena sativa 14. Lentil, Lens esculenta 15. Lupine, Lupinus pilosus, L. albus...
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