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lec05 (dragged) 7

lec05 (dragged) 7 - Comprised mainly of the high...

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8 Lecture 5 Melon Plants 1. Malabar gourd, Cucurbita cifolia 2. Winter pumpkin, Cucurbita moshata 3. Chayote, Sechium edule Fiber Plants 1. Upland cotton, Gossypium hirsutum 2. Bourbon cotton, Gossypium purpurascens 3. Chayote, Sechium edule Miscellaneous 1. Sweetpotato, Ipomea batatas 2. Arrowroot, Maranta arundinacea 3. Pepper, Capsicum annuum, C. frutescens 4. Papaya, Carica papaya 5. Guava, Psidium guayava 6. Cashew, Anacardium occidentale 7. Wild black cherry, Prunus serotina 8. Cochenial, Nopalea coccinellifera 9. Cherry tomato, Lycopersicum cerasiforme 10. Cacao, Theobroma cacao 11. Nicotiana rustica VIII. South American Center: (62 plants listed) Three subcenters are found. A. Peruvian, Ecuadorean, Bolivian Center:
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Unformatted text preview: Comprised mainly of the high mountainous areas, formerly the center of the Megalithic or Pre-Inca civilization. Endemic plants of the Puna and Sierra high elevation districts included: Root Tubers 1. Andean potato, Solanum andigenum (96 chromosomes) 2. Other endemic cultivated potato species. Fourteen or more species with chromosome numbers varying from 24 to 60. 3. Edible nasturtium, Tropaeolum tuberosum . Coastal regions of Peru and non-irrigated subtropical and tropical regions of Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia included: Grains and Legumes 1. Starchy maize, Zea mays amylacea 2. Lima bean, Phaseolus lunatus (secondary center) 3. Common bean, Phaseolus vulgaris (secondary center)...
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