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lec06 (dragged) 2

lec06 (dragged) 2 - Cicer arietinum and lentils Lens...

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25 remnants of both plants and animals can be viewed in the newly reconstructed Ancient Egyptian Agricultural Museum in Cairo. The chief ancient grain crops, used for bread and beer, were barley and various wheats including the diploid einkorn (AA genome), the tetraploid emmer and durum wheats (AABB), and the hexaploid spelt and bread wheats (AABBDD). One of the ancient cereals of Egypt classified as Triticum turgidum (AABB) now marketed as Kamut® has recently been intro- duced to the United States. The vegetable crops of ancient Egypt included a number of root crops, leafy salad crops, legumes, and various cucurbits. The ancient root crops such as the pungent alliums, garlic ( Allium sativum ) and onion ( A. cepa ), as well as radish ( Raphanus sativum ) continue to be very popular in modern Egypt. Among the leafy salad crops were lettuce, (Lactuca sativa) and parsley ( Petroselinum crispum ). There were a number of pulses such as cowpea ( Vigna sinensis ), faba (broad) bean ( Vicia fava ), chickpea (
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Unformatted text preview: Cicer arietinum ), and lentils ( Lens culinaris ). The cucurbits included cucumber ( Cucurbita sativa ), melons ( Cucumis melo ), gourds ( Lagenaria spp.), and later watermelon ( Citrullus lanatus ). The fruit crops of Egypt were expanded throughout the centuries (Table 2). The date and doum palm as well as the sycomore fig are considered pre-dynastic Egyptian fruits although the sycomore is not indigenous. The jujube, fig, and grape were known since the A B C D E F Fig. 1. Papyrus and lotus symbols of upper and lower Egypt. A. Hunting scene showing lotus and papyrus B. Offering of lotus and papyrus to Isis. C.and D. Intertwining of lotus and papyrus symbolizing the reunification of upper and lower Egypt. Source: (C) Cairo museum, J. Janick photo, (D) Throne of Semuscret I. 1900 BCE , Singer et al., 1954, Fig. 28. E. and F. The Temple of Khnum (Kom Ombo), at Esna showing columns represent-ing papyrus and lotus (J. Janick photo)...
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