lec06 (dragged) 4 - m from its original home), Aswan. (J....

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27 ( Ricinus communis ) was used for illumination and also as a medicinal, flax ( Linum usitatissimum ) for linen and oil, henna ( Lawsonia inermis ) for dye, papyrus ( Cyperus papy- rus ) for paper and medicinal use, aquatic lotus ( Nymphaea lotus and N. caerulea ) for seed and decoration, and acacias ( Acacia spp . ) for gums and oils. The ancient Egyptians loved flowers as evidenced by murals portraying court ladies wearing Egyptian lotus blooms, container-grown plants, and funeral garlands. Rameses III (1198–1166 BCE ) founded pleasure grounds with “ wide places for walking with all kinds of sweet fruit trees, laden with fruit, a sacred way, beautiful with flowers of all lands. ” Small shrubs were grown in large earthenware pots, the forerunner of our potted plant industry A B C D E Fig. 2. Perfume and cosmetics. A. A visual representation of the fragrance from essential oils being extracted from an herb. Philae Temple (dismantled and reassembled on Agilika Island, about 500
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Unformatted text preview: m from its original home), Aswan. (J. Janick, photo). B. Cover of alabaster Canopic Vase in tomb of Tut-Ankh-Amon. Note lipstick and painted eyes. C. Gathering lilies for their perfume. Source: Singer et al., 1954, Fig. 189. D. Expressing oil of lily. Source: Singer et al., 1954, Fig 189. E. Compounding ointments and perfumes. Assistants crush dried herbs with pestle and mortar (1,2,3,4). The crushed herbs are added to a bowl of molten fat, stirred (5) and shaped into balls upon cooling (6). Special jars probably containing spiced wine, a useful solvent because of its alcohol content is siphoned and filtered into a bowl (7). At extreme left an assistant shapes a piece of wood beneath a bowl heaped with unguents (8). Tomb at Thebes, ca. 1500 BCE Source: Singer et al., 1954, Fig 190....
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2011 for the course HIST 302 taught by Professor Jensic during the Summer '10 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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