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lec06 (dragged) 8 - A B Fig 5 Surveying fields A Surveyors...

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31 VITICULTURE Grapes were much appreciated in ancient Egypt. There are abundant depictions of grapes, grape culture, and wine making (Fig. 9). Pliny reports that vines were grown di- rectly on the field surfaces but there are many representations of trellises and arbors (Fig. 9A). The round arbor was a common feature between the New Kingdom and the Graeco- Roman Period. Greek authors confirmed that various cultivars of Vitis vinifera were devel- oped in Egypt. The biblical literature is rich with allusions to grapes and wine. In Joseph’s dream, the Pharaoh’s chief butler narrates (Genesis 40, 9–10):. “ behold, a vine was before me, and in the vine were three branches; and it was as though it budded, and her blossoms shot forth, and the clusters thereof brought forth ripe grapes” Grapes were preserved by drying. Raisins (Fig. 8c) became favorite foods in cook- ing, were considered to have medicinal properties, and were at one time used as a drying aid in embalming.
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