23Proc. Conf. Medit. Hort.Eds. S. Sansavini & J. JanickActa Hort 582, ISHS 2002Ancient Egyptian Agriculture and the Origins of HorticultureJules JanickDepartment of Horticulture and Landscape ArchitecturePurdue UniversityWest Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USAKeywords: history, technologyAbstractEgyptian civilization dates back to the dawn of civilization and remnants existin a continuous 6000 year-old record. The artistic genius engendered by Egyptiancivilization, the superb condition of many burial chambers, and the dry climate havemade it possible to reconstruct a history of agricultural technology. Ancient Egypt isshown to be the source of much of the agricultural technology of the Western world.INTRODUCTIONThe story of Egypt leads us to the dawn of history. Paleolithic-Neolithic artifacts(flint hand-axes, arrowheads, hammers) along the Nile date back 12,000 years. Nubian,Ethiopian, and Libyan populations fusing with Semitic and West Asian immigrants formeda people and created the Egypt of history (Durant, 1954).
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