lec12 (dragged) 1

lec12 (dragged) 1 - rose tulip Grain legumes Adzuki bean...

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2 Lectures 12 and 13 rope, Canada, and the Continental United States contain few native species and have contributed relatively few world crops; pasture grasses, sun fl ower, and some small fruits such as strawberries and vacciniums (blueberry, cranberry, and lingonberry) are examples. As a consequence, Asian germplasm resources must be considered for future crop improvement. Despite the reciprocal exchange of many crops between Asia, Europe, Africa, Oceania, and the Americas that has taken place over the centuries, not all were included, opening up the possibility of new exchanges. Fig. 12-1. Independent origins of agriculture. Source: Smith 1995 Table 12-1. Some important world crops originating in Asia (Janick, 2001). Type of crop Crop Beverage Tea Cereal Barley, oats, rice, wheat Flower Asiatic lily, astilbe, anemone, camelia, chrysanthemum, hollyhock, hosta, iris, peony,
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Unformatted text preview: rose, tulip Grain legumes Adzuki bean, chickpea, fava bean, lentil, mungbean, rice bean, sesame, soybean urd bean Industrial crops Abaca, bamboo, hemp, indigo, sugarcane Landscape Asian crabapple, ginkgo tree, Japanese pagoda tree, Japanese plum, Maidenhair tree, mimosa, Sargent cranberry bush Medicinals Ginseng, opium poppy Nuts Almond, candlenut & tung, coconut, pistachio, walnut Pseudocereals Buckwheat Root and tuber Carrot, radish, taro, turnip, yam Spice Black pepper, cinnamon, clover, ginger, mustard, nutmeg Temperate fruit Apple, apricot, cherry, F g, grape, orange and most citrus, peach, quince, pear, pomegranate, tangerine Tropical fruit Banana & plantain, carambola, breadfruit, jackfruit, lychee, mango, mangosteen, pumelo, Vegetables Chinese cabbage, cucumber, eggplant, garlic, onion, pea, radish, spinach...
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