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lec12 (dragged) 5 - 6 Lectures 12 and 13 of ceremonials...

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6 Lectures 12 and 13 of ceremonials associated with sowing vegetables and grains. He is considered to be the “author” of the renowned pharmacopoeia, Pen T’sao Ching ( The Classic Herbal ), compiled in the 1 st century. Traditional Agricultural Technology By the 6 th century BCE , row cropping was developed. A treatise in the 3 rd century BCE ( Master Lu’s Spring and Autumns Annals ) explains: If the crops are grown in rows they will mature rapidly because they will not interfere with each other’s growth. The horizontal rows must be well drawn, the vertical rows made with skill, for if the lines are straight the wind will pass gently through. Cast iron hoes were available in the 6 th or 5 th century BCE . The greatest invention during this period was the iron plow (ard) with a shallow plowshare that produced a narrow furrow. The introduction of this plow had a great in fl uence on the agriculture of the West but the curved moldboard used in China was not adopted in Europe until the 18 th century. K’ung Fu Tzu (Latinized as Confucious—Tsu means “master”) (Fig. 12-5) lived from 551–470
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