12Lectures 12 and 13From these beginnings, cultivation in India extended to rice, pulses, millet, vegetables, and fruits. Dams for irrigation were constructed as early the 1stcentury. An Indian cuisine developed that is rich in spices such as curry, ginger, cloves, and cinnamon, culinary treasures sought by the Europeans. One of the early crops was cotton, known to the ancients as tree-grown wool. Many of our names for fabrics are derived from India (muslinderives from cotton weavers of Mosul, calico, from Calicut). The rugs of India are still prized. Trade in Indian goods was extremely vital in the ancient world; Indian cheetahs, tigers, elephants assisted in the bloody Roman gladiatorial games. The wealth of India became legendary, reaching its zenith in the 14thcentury. India made contributions to medicine. Two systems were developed, one based on Hinduism (Ayrveda) and the other Moslem (Unani). In the Ayrvedasystem, drugs are mainly from plant origin (herbal medicine), while the Unani system, developed later, also incorporates drugs derived from animals.
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