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lec14 (dragged) 1 - 2 Lectures 14, 15, and 16 The Spanish...

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2 Lectures 14, 15, and 16 The Spanish con f ned themselves for 20 years to a small piece of the Isthmus of Panama and the Islands of the Antilles. No riches materialized and America was dismissed as another example of Spanish brag- gadocio. But on December 9, 1519, the f rst treasure ship (booty sent by Hernando Cortes, Conqueror of Mexico and Montezuma) arrived from Mexico and the world was changed. It soon became apparent that the New World was not a land of savages but the home of a great civilization. Three great civilizations were found, known today as Aztec, Maya, and Inca . These were great monu- mental cultures—similar in many respects to the Egyptian civilization of 2000 BCE—with enormous temples in the form of pyramids, pictorial writing, a system of cities and government, a developed agriculture, a bewildering theology, and a magni f cent art. It also had a dark side-slavery, constant warfare, the offering of living human hearts as sacri f ce, and cannibalism. The similarity to the ancient cultures and the mysterious presence of pyramids led to speculation that
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2011 for the course HIST 302 taught by Professor Jensic during the Summer '10 term at Purdue.

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