lec14 (dragged) 3

lec14 (dragged) 3 - various kinds of f oral...

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4 Lectures 14, 15, and 16 Today, chinampas get 7 crops per plot per year. Two are maize, others may be beans, chile, tomato, amaranth. Horticultural Deities and Garden Terms Xilonon —goddess of red corn; festival coincided with ripening harvest of grain. Centeotl —yellow corn god, worshipped by special priests, old men vowed to silence Note: Xoch = f ower Xochizuetzal —goddess of fertility and f owers Xochipilli —god of f owers Xochitla f ower place Xochichevancalli —humble garden Xochhitecpanc —walled garden There are many agricultural deities for which f ower offerings and sacri F ces were made: e.g. for rain, growing plants, soils. In the fasting month of Tozoztentli , no one was supposed to sniff f owers. There were a number of f ower festivals: Rainy season—farmers and f orists cooperated in a feast of the earth mother August—festival of wild f owers October—farewell to f owers (preceded by 4 days of fasting). There were elaborate gardens and ceremonies. Cortez was welcomed by chieftains bearing bouquets of
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Unformatted text preview: various kinds of f oral ornament—baskets of f owers woven in the form of a shield, long garlands worn around head and neck, a choice f ower at the end of a stick. Dancers pelted each other with balls of f owers. Fig. 14-5. An Aztec plan of a small portion of the gigantic chinampa system-the arti F cial “island” gardens (“ f oating gar-dens”) constructed 2000 years ago in the area of Mexico we now call Mexico City. The major canals were large enough for navigation in f at-bottomed boats. The areas with footprints are paths. The portrait pro F les stand for the homes of the farm owners with names in hieroglyphics and some translated into Roman letters by a Spanish scribe. Fig. 14-6. A cross section of the raised, arable areas in the chinampa, each about 15 to 30 feet wide. Weeds, sediment and mud are piled on top of each “island,” and the roots of plants, maize in this case, and trees, help keep the mounds from crumbling....
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2011 for the course HIST 302 taught by Professor Jensic during the Summer '10 term at Purdue.

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