lec20 (dragged) 1

lec20 (dragged) 1 - But it took over a thousand years The...

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2 Lectures 20 and 21 agronomy ends and horticulture begins. The development of horticultural technology is evident both in the artwork of the middle ages as artists drew everyday scenes to ornament their psalters, religious paintings, and portraits. As the price of books declined with the age of printing there was a tremendous demand for agricultural works involving agriculture and horticulture, including farm management and vine culture. Consequently, agricultural technology of the period is available from the printed record. A particularly good example is Maison Rustique of Charles Estienne that went through many printings starting from the late 1500s. It was translated in English as the Country Farm in 1600 and enlarged in 1616 and went through a series of editions (See Reading 20-1). These books are a tremendous source book of information about agriculture and horticulture and it is clear that by the Renaissance horticulture equals and then surpasses that described by the Roman agricultural writers.
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Unformatted text preview: But it took over a thousand years. The rich literature of the middle ages and renaissance, which developed in the 14 th centuries, has made it possible to develop a complete history of horticulture and agronomy. It was a dif f cult time in Europe due to a change in climate, the little ice age, which reduced yields, the rise of disease such a s the Black Plague and spread by F eas and rats, and the increase in populations which caused food costs to increase. It was at this time that the search for new routes to the East to obtain import goods of the tropics, particularly silks and spices, led to the discoveries of new lands in American and Oceana. While the conquistadors were originally after quick riches in the form of gold, they were to discover new lands and new crops which returned more that the treasure laden ships could ever haul. Reference Solbrig, O.T. and D.J. Solbrig. 1994. So Shall You Reap: Farming and Crops in Human Affairs. Island Press. Washington DC....
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2011 for the course HIST 302 taught by Professor Jensic during the Summer '10 term at Purdue.

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