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Unformatted text preview: 1 Lectures 20 and 21 Lectures 20 and 21 Medieval and Renaissance Agriculture in Europe The breakdown of the Roman Empire by the barbarians of the North resulted in the destruction of the large cities but left the rural areas and organizations relatively intact. The villa rustica of the Romans became the estates or demesne (domain) of medieval times, presided over by a lord who owned the land and lived in a manor house. His land worked by tenants, some free, some slave, lived in small houses that became known as the village. A feudal society developed which involved the relation between land and the people who owned and worked it. There was an exchange of service for protection under a hereditary system. The lord of the manor who owned the land (re f ected in our word landlord) was served by the ten- ant farmers or vassals who offered homage (an acknowledgement of the situation), fealty (allegiance and faithfulness), and owed a debt of labor, usually one day per week ( the corvee ). The lord of the manor was to develop the same exchange of protection for support to his leader, eventually king, who ultimately owed his vassalage only to God. But the situation was unstable (read Macbeth). But the situation was unstable (read Macbeth)....
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2011 for the course HIST 302 taught by Professor Jensic during the Summer '10 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.
- Summer '10