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Unformatted text preview: 1 Lecture 22 Lecture 22 Islamic in uences on Western Agriculture The rise of Islam from the 7th to the 12th centuries is an extraordinary event in the history of the world. A small, tribes of desert warriors conquered and converted a large portion of the Roman empire in a few hundred years. It is still dif f cult to explain how this came about. Part of it was for- tuitous. They arose when the Roman world was in decline and they were able to sweep from Arabia to conquer the Byzantine world and more. They marched east to India and made inroads into China, eastward to Indonesia, and West to absorbing all of North Africa, penetrating deep in the continent, plus strong incursions into Europe conquering, Sicily, Iberia, and reaching southern France. They reached their apogee in 1200 and then their decline started. They were expelled from Spain in 1492, their empire broke up into feuding kingdoms. Calamity came with the rise of the Ottoman Turks, who while converting to Islam, eventually conquered the Arab world and controlled it from 1500...
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- Summer '10