2 Lecture 28 The beginnings of agriculture involve a series of inventions involving the domestication of useful plants and animals and their management and culture in order to convert them to useful servants providing food and f ber. Domestication involves two distinct events. One is to identify potentially useful species and the other is to actually transform them into dependable servants. The latter is accomplished by no less that a genetic transformation achieved through selection of genetic variants that intensify desirable traits and eliminate undesirable characteristics. It further involved an entire series of technologies concerned with planting, cultivation, harvest, and storage. Technological Innovation in Antiquity The basic techniques of agriculture and horticulture were well established in the ancient cultures we call Antiquity (from 3000 BCE to 500 CE). One of the achievements of Antiquity was the creation a written record of agricultural achievements.
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