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lec28 (dragged) - Lecture 28 1 Lecture 28 Agriculture...

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1 Lecture 28 Agriculture, Technology, and the Scienti c Revolution Our existence as a civilization has depended on a series of technologies that provide us with sustenance and surplus. Agriculture, in its broadest sense, refers to a complex interaction of humans with other organism- plant, animals, insects, and microorganisms-that direct the fl ow of energy from the sun to the supper table. The origin of new information in agriculture and horticulture derives from two traditions: empirical and experimental. The roots of empiricism stem from efforts of Neolithic farmers, Hellenic root diggers, medieval peasants, and farmers and gardeners everywhere to obtain practical solutions to problems of crop and livestock production. The accumulated successes and improvements passed orally from parent to child, from artisan to apprentice, have become embedded in human consciousness via legend, craft secrets, and folk wisdom. This information is now stored in tales, almanacs, herbals, and histories and has become part of our common culture. More that practices and skills were involved as improved germplasm was selected and preserved via seed and graft from harvest to harvest and generation to generation.
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