1Lecture 30Origins of Horticultural ScienceThe origin of horticultural science derives from a confluence of 3 events: the formation of scientific societies in the 17thcentury, the creation of agricultural and horticultural societies in the 18thcentury, and the establishment of state-supported agricultural research in the 19thcentury. Two seminal horticultural societies were involved: The Horticultural Society of London(later the Royal Horticulture Society) founded in 1804 and the Society for Horticultural Science(later the American Society for Horticultural Science) founded in 1903. Three horticulturists can be considered as the Fathers of Horticultural Science: Thomas Andrew Knight, John Lindley, and Liberty Hyde Bailey.Philip Miller (1691–1771)Miller was Gardener to the Worshipful Company of Apothecaries at their Botanic Garden in Chelsea and is known as the most important garden writer of the 18thcentury. The Gardener’s and Florist’s Diction-ary or a Complete System of Horticulture (1724)
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